From intractable problem to tractable one

blog, en, problem, intractable, simplify, exercise transformation

I came across this problem (in castillian) from Brian Bolt “Aún más actividades matemáticas” [1] which consists of finding the fastest path between two points with different velocities in various regions:

As it is expressed in its solution this problem involves an optimization problem of a radical function, which obviously does not match the level of my students:

But I have liked the problem very much. So I decided to transform this to a more simple one: changing the metric in \(\mathbb{R}^2\) from usual metric to taxi metric1. With this discretization, the problem is more easy (even it could be solved with try-and-see tactic): students just have to minimize an afine function. The moral of the tale is that we have to maximize the trip with the highest velocity.

Perhaps this tactic of simplifying could be useful to you with other problems.


[1] Bolt, B. Aún más actividades matemáticas. Editorial Labor, 1989.

  1. Note that in the city the width and the length of the streets are not the same. So the metric is a modified taxicab: \(d(X, Y) = a \cdot \lvert x_1 - y_1 \rvert + b \cdot \lvert x_2 - y_2 \rvert\), where \(a\) and \(b\) are the width and lentgh of streets.